Can Blockchain play its role in the education sector – keeping records in 2-3 years and then applying them to the job market?
In a post-epidemic world, individuals need to take ownership of and control their educational qualifications – documents such as degrees and transcripts – from schools, universities, and governments. The idea received significant support last week from the American Council on Education in a study funded by the US Department of Education that focuses on the use of the blockchain in higher education.
“Blockchain, in particular, promises to create a more efficient and long-term relationship between education and employment,” wrote Ted Mitchell, president of ACE, in an introductory study published on June 8, adding: “After the crisis of COVID -19 , Students will make it easier to move and move to formal education and exit it when conditions of work, health and family change. ”
The main topic of this report is Personal Data Agencies – that is, how “Distributed Ledger Technology [DLT] can” democratize “data and empower individuals with agencies in their personal information.” The report states:
“Currently, when individuals need to prove the history of their education and employment, they rely on former institutions and employers to verify their educational records and work forces. However, the institution or employer may be unavailable, or the record may be lost or destroyed, or in In the case of higher education, an individual may be required to pay a fee. Their inability to access or control their records can hinder opportunities and keep them in a mysterious state of information already in their records. ”
Educational credentials are usually stored on a centralized system. The report explains that the problem with this is that the data can be changed, deleted and shared without the consent or knowledge of the individual who created the data. By comparison, blockchain technology is “naturally more transparent, continuous, unchanging, and encrypted,” the report said.
Will digital academic qualifications become popular in 2-3 years?
Kim Hamilton Duffy, architect of the Digital Credentials Association, told Quintelgrave that the epidemic of COVID-19 has accelerated demand for digital qualifications, adding: usually 2-3 years from now.
He said that a promising pilot program will be implemented from start to finish showing digital diplomas and student-managed students on the blockchain in 2020, and the second will display digital copies. Current pilots include both permitted blocks – with credentials stored directly on the chain – as well as general block chains with credentials stored outside the series using the blockchain anchor identity record.
Interesting details: the decentralized ID architecture / credentials used in some of the latest projects have been designed without a special role, as Christopher Allen, chief architect of Blockchain Commons – an open infrastructure firm – has told Cointelegraph, which means that anyone can be a publisher:
“This makes it possible to obtain P2P competency credentials [peer-to-peer], from fellow students, teachers, colleagues, clients, contractors, and employers – not just educational institutions.”
For example, Allen could personally assert that “Kim has a level of competence in leading the international technical standards process”, which is something that educational institutions will not demand, but given Allen’s history and reputation as co-author of the specifications SSL / TLS success, that verification can It clearly transmits important information to potential employers, clients and collaborators. “I think this kind of claim will be an important part of the future of educational qualifications,” Allen, who is also former co-chair of W3C Credentials CG, told Cointelegraph.
Is the system broken?
Meanwhile, the current system cannot be defended by many parties. “There are diploma factories and online stores around […] – you can even choose the right thickness and stamp,” Hans Bungeratz, chief information officer at Munich Technical University, told Quintelgrave. Roman Beck, professor at Copenhagen University of Information Technology, told Cointelegraph that the diploma system is “vulnerable to failure and subject to all types of fraud”, explaining more:
“It is not always easy to assign certificates safely with the people they claim to be pregnant, given that birth certificates or ID cards are missing. Documents are not only Photoshop but also difficult to verify because there are many institutions that issue certificates, review